This article deals naively with two incompetent views of the evolution of religion. Wade recycles the same evolutionary psychology that has always failed on this subject.
More alarmingly, Bellah stumbles on the data needed to clarify the question, but bungles the whole question of the Axial Age.
Bellan’s treatment is genuinely pernicious because it is a bum steer.
Thd data of the Axial Age shows how religions emerge in a macrohistorical dynamic, as discussed many times in my books WHEE and DMR. But the party line of the socilogy/evolution of religion dooms these authors to bad scholarship.