If we look at the rise of modernity we see a richness of contrast so extraordinary that we are hardpressed to grasp it. And one of the traps of a disguised modern school is the way it tries to make Spinoza the fulcrum of modernity. That indirectly is one of the sources of the kind of reductionist scientism made ‘secular religion’ by many humanist intellectuals. But a closer looks shows that while Spinoza was a strong undercurrent to the rise of a secular era his thinking was only a pitch batted out of the ball park in the concluding phase of the modern transition. There we see the indirect influence of figures like Kant who are often debating Spinoza without mentioning his name.
The left needs something better than historical materialism in this stream from Spinoza (among others): it should aspire to a real dialectic as master of ceremonies in the complex logic of multiple multitasking outcomes to modernity. A future postcapitalism must construct a culture, not just impose a philosophy.