For the sake of argument, I’m willing to put all of those possible objections aside. Let’s assume that Metaxas is right: The more we learn about the stunning dependency of life on seemingly contingent variables, the more reason we have to presume that some kind of divine force is likely to have played a decisive role in bringing it about.
The problem with this line of reasoning for Metaxas and, most likely, for many of the people who have “liked” the column, is that it’s an example of natural theology — and natural theology doesn’t demonstrate the existence of the God of the Bible.
I think that the study of the macro issues in WHEE can help this debate: the issue of design is one thing: and in world history we detect an overwhelming form of ‘design’. But this design can’t be used to validate the ‘design’ questions given in the Old Testament.