Religion and the limits of the enlightenment…http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/09/11/opium-of-the-people-the-religious-heritage-of-karl-marx-and-the-frankfurt-school/
The work of the Frankfurt school is a potential source of resolution for the curiously contracted outcome we call marxism, on religion as considered in Last and First Men. This is associated with a theological insight into the limits of the Enlightenment. This is useful stuff, but the overall critique of religion from the left fails overall, and the reason is no always clear. It is not a question of compromise with religion and letting some kind of religious sentimentality enter leftist discourse. The problem is the failure to correctly assess religion, and this is obvious related to the temper of the time–c. 1848.
The challenge is to a realistic critique of religion, but his hasn’t been achieved by marxism…
I worked on this link quickly this morning but my tacit assent was misleading.
The critique of the Enlightenment in the classic Dialectic of the Enlightenment in my ways projects the instrumental reason of marxism on the Enlightenment itself which is much broader. It is criticizing the rapid downshifting that occurred with the rise of positivism, etc… The case that these are the result of the Enlightenment remains an open question. It is a view promoted by the traditionalists against their archenemy…the Enlightenment.
A look at the macro effect in WHEE shows the danger of isolating the ‘enlightenment’ from the massively larger and more complex modern transition, which had five or six enlightenments, French, German, Scottish, English, Dutch, etc…
And the overall effect includes science in counterpoint to liberal core ideas of freedom, religious/reformation legacies the tour de force triple play of Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, and a whole universe of counterpoint effects: the mystery is why this complex symphony suddenly crashed.
Our model of history in WHEE//history-and-evolution.com// shows how the divide or conclusion point (around 1800 to 1850) often shows this kind of sudden contraction.
The issue isn’t religion vs the instrumental reason of the enlightenment but the failure to interpret and preserve the full complex of the early modern.