Darwiniana

History, Evolution, and The Darwin Debate

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Our book in progress continues…

April 23rd, 2016 · No Comments

We have been producing a mini-outline of a book, underway off line, but almost as useful as is. We have set up an embedded ‘netbook’ format at redfortyeight.com for this, but that can wait.

The basic idea is to take a step backward from marxist ideology to create a larger superset that is more comprehensive. We can’t hope to reduce all thought to historical materialism, and negate the ego/individuality/ethical man and reduce him to an economic agent. Instead of a revolt against capitalism this approach got a revolt against communism. This approach stultified the bolsheviks, and everyone else and it was totally unnecessary. Use the general philosophic backdrop of modernity and this comes in ‘dialectical’ form: materialism, idealism, transcendental idealism, etc…
How on earth did marxism get fixated on an antagonism to idealism. It has complex history, but these issues are distractions.
Imagine if the American Rebs had insisted all their members adopted a particular philosophy from that list?
One solution here is to cast a communist revolution as a vehicle to recreate modernity without capitalism, or with a form of economy that can fulfill the promises of democratic revolution.
The marxists forever weaved in and out of this, but the result is too leaden now. We can still use it as background. This make basic format a realization of modernity itself.

All we need is a general portrait of modernity, with a careful ‘dialectic’ or spectrum of its diversity. We can adopt a complex mix of ‘religious reformation’, science, liberalism/socialism, Enlightenment/Romanaticism, etc…Note how many modern innovations come in pairs. But the era of positivism produced scientism with one dimensional versions of everything and marxism got stuck here.
There is a simple way beyond this, but it is not simple for those stuck in the mode of the Second Internationale.

1. The Crisis of Modernity
The idea of the crisis of modernity is a response to the postmodern fallacy of seeking a ‘new age’ after modernity. We are confronted with something different: a decline from the assumptions of the early modern. And this is compounded by the effect of capitalism on everything else, and its destructive impact.

1.1 The question of the modern
The question of the modern requires a new kind of model, one that can challenge religious/reactionary anti-modernism. This is provided by the ‘macro’ model so-called, from World History and the Eonic Effect: world history shows a developmental logic in a macrosequence of transitions and modernity is the last in the series. These transitions alternate system action and free agency. The modern transition is thus a complex whole, a transition between epochs, and is at a higher level than what follows, which defaults to free agency. We have the gist of our answer…
The crisis of capitalism is that of modernity itself, as the element of free agency distorting a system…

1.2 The endgame of capitalism globalization
The modern transition generated the onset of globalization (the macrosequence has been at this for millennia) in a late recursion of those of earlier periods, and this has taken an economic form, rather than a religious one. The result is the drama of globalizing economies that Marx/Engels predicted, and saw get underway…But that process, as they sensed with prophetic moment, is a system inclined to fly out of control, and the current crisis of climate is a good example!
1.3 History and (R)evolution
The macrosequence is a form of developmental ‘evolution’, a term that refers in its correct usage to a complex directional manifestation, one visible in world history…
The sudden appearance of revolutionary movements in the last phase of this sequence, i.e. in modernity is a illustrative of what the overall progression of civilization is about, in a complex interplay of slow/fast factors…The issue of revolution is critical for an understanding, but has tended to suffer false theoretical frameworks, e.g. the dialectic…
We should see ‘revolutions’ not via theories but as associated with the macro factor itself, with a warning that ‘revolution’ outside of the macro sequence can change its character…

1.4 The enigma of the Axial Age
The macrosequence is discovered via a complex set of clues, starting with the Axial Age…

1.5 A new model of history
The understanding of the Axial Age is that of a step in a sequence: with the basic clues we can easily complete the analysis to discover, or suspect a larger sequence…

2.Out of Revolution
2.1 The modern transition
We have found the basis for understanding the equal enigma of modernity: it is a finite transition in a larger sequence and shows a termination point or ‘divide’ around 1800+: this key issue is vital for seeing the later chaotification now overtaking a whole planet…

2.2 The dialectic of capitalism
The term ‘dialectic’ is subject to many confusions, although we should try to adopt transparent usages because the idea, prior to abuse, can be useful. For example the modern transition shows outcomes that are ‘dialectical’, which simply means that two or more outcomes emerge in potential and/or in parallel. We thus see capitalism emerging with a parallel synchronous process, e.g. the democratic revolutions evolving into socialist/communist resolutions… The dialectic should refer to such ‘counterpoint’ opposites and not indulge in mystical triads… The dialectic of dyads versus triads is hopelessly confused by marxists, and we should use only the simplest dyads until and unless we can find a better or larger understanding…

2.3 1848: the prophetic year
The divide process at the end of the modern transition extends through the first generation after around 1800, and this period, with a symbolic drama altogether apt ca. the 1848 revolutions, with Marx, Engels et al in attendance (we should include the counterpoint dialectic of anarchist synchronous actors, e.g. Bakunin)
Our model tells us that the onset of socialism/communism is parallel to that of capitalism just at the divide to the modern transition and both aspects have the appearance of apparitions, i.e. appear at the last moment and tend to contradict the long early modern preparation. Capitalism begins to distort modernity, as socialism/communism attempt a ‘chase plane’ pursuit and response. Both aspects shows the ominous transition from system action to free agency characteristic of our model and both aspects are liable to distortion. Capitalist distortion is obvious from start to finish. The marxist left produces a powerful corpus in response, but this factor of free agency is a warning that we are dealing with fallible agents. We might suspect the influence of positivism, which had a clear critique in the early modern, scientism, darwinism, reductionism, and preposterously, the Hegelian dialectic. The overall result is flawed and has no correct theory of revolution…the Russian bolshevik revolution proceeds with inadequate theories and is different in character from the revolutions of the early modern….
2.4 Marxist shibboleths
Marxism produces a powerful basic corpus, but, as noted, it has elements of distortion, or so we suspect…

2.5 Leninist interlude
The question of Leninism arises in this context as a hard to evaluate circumstance that carries a flawed ideological complex…

3. Once and Future Communism
The basic development of communism is nonetheless a world historical outcome to the modern transition, in ambiguous relation to democracy, and will spawn sooner or later a new version in the wake of the failure of bolshevism…
3.1 Last Men and their smartphones
Nietzsche was a distortion of the early modern, but had a point about the ‘last man’: the participants in the modern experiment are moving toward the completion of the ‘great transition’ or the evolution of man, and this requires that ‘free agency’ come to an understanding and self-replication of the macrosequence…

3.2 The ends of history
The end of history debate is related to this issue of the ‘last and first men’, but has been distorted upside down to make capitalism that ‘end’. But surely the original and true meaning is that of a system to succeed the capitalist phase, and this without voiding the basic democratic outcome of the modern transition…
3.3 The profit in downfall
The last phases of capitalism show the capitalist axioms proceeding toward the destruction of the world system…

3.4 Floating fourth turning points
The macro model suggests a generalization of ‘revolution’: floating fourth turning points’ (after the three known epochs in succession in the macrosequence), as cultural transformation at the level of replicating the early modern, but in a postcapitalist version…
3.5 Neo-communist manifestos

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