The data on Marx’s anti-darwinism is taken up here by a conservative and is an example of the reason leftists must be wary of the Marx cult. This article starts with a reference to Main Currents of Marxism, a book never discussed by marxists. There are many others.
I have suggested open discussion of such texts, and the evolution question (referenced and discussed in Last and First Men), and also have insisted on the need to move beyond the dogmatic canon to create a new post-marxism. The whole legacy has been neutralized by such critics and the need is pressing to create a new one.
Marx never endorsed Engels’s efforts to meld socialism with Darwinism, but neither did he ever clearly dissociate himself from them.
This was the message of Jonathan Sperber’s Karl Marx: A Nineteenth-Century Life (2013), a methodical demolition of some of the myths surrounding Marx and his thought. An unfamiliar picture emerges from Sperber’s well-documented account. At points in the 1840s Marx’s political views had something in common with those of 20th-century anti-communists. In 1842 he wrote that as a result of the spread of communist ideas ‘our once blossoming commercial cities are no longer flourishing’, while in 1848 he rejected the idea of revolutionary dictatorship by a single class as ‘nonsense’. Partly as a result of the influence of Engels, Marx has often been seen as an admirer of Darwin. But in fact Marx disliked Darwin’s theory of natural selection because it left human progress ‘purely accidental’, preferring the work of the forgotten French ethnographer Pierre Trémaux, who argued that racial differences have ‘a natural basis’ in biology and geology – a common view at the time.