This article is not online save for this tidbit, enough to caution dennett’s facile darwinism which can’t explain evolution, life, mind, or consciousness.
And the evolution of culture via the evidence of the eonic effect is beyond the pale for such scientists, and one fears the same for nagel.
The eonic effect, a larger version of the question of the axial age, which has been totally botched by the academic community if it is mentioned at all, shows that behind history lies a complex dynamic generating a teleological process of immense complexity, in a complex interplay of systematics and free agency.
The inability of scientists to deal with this kind of evidence is their sad lot, and province of delusion. Over and out.
The book has a historical structure, taking us from the prebiotic world to human minds and human civilization. It relies on different forms of evolution by natural selection, both biological and cultural, as its most important method of explanation. Dennett holds fast to the assumption that we are just physical objects and that any appearance to the contrary must be accounted for in a way that is consistent with this truth. Bach’s or Picasso’s creative genius, and our conscious experience of hearing Bach’s Fourth Brandenburg Concerto or seeing Picasso’s Girl Before a Mirror, all arose by a sequence of physical events beginning with the chemical composition of the earth’s surface before the appearance of unicellular organisms. Dennett identifies two unsolved problems along this path: the origin of life at its beginning and the origin of human culture much more recently. But that is no reason not to speculate.