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archive: two stages of revolution…

August 4th, 2017 · No Comments

The Universal Class, (market) communism, and the two stages of revolution //Socialist Appeal and Alpert
April 19th, 2016 ·

http://socialistappeal.org/history-theory/economics/1401-michael-albert-and-parecon.html

This is a useful take on marxism ‘old and new’

and also an introduction to our different formulation of the Universal Class (Last and First Men: Introduction. p.47): the point here is that we are out of time trying to get theory straight and will create working groups out of the average of individuals who show up for a movement. This movement will be based not on the working class, necessarily, but on a set of principles in several varieties: democratic communism, neo-communist democratic/republicanism, market communism, pure communism/socialism, etc…
The Universal Class is a useful concept because it can change gears immediately to the older concept of the working class, in the sense distinguished by marxists, e.g. the contrast to the bourgeoisie and the definitional issue of the ownership of the means of production.
Whatever we do we don’t want to waste time arguing: the Universal Class can be taken flexibly in many ways, among them the classic working class formulation.
The concept of the Universal Class thus overlaps with the working class, cut with all the other groups, many of whom more often frequent leftist orgs than the working class. One problem here is the cultural kwashiokor of the working class: they are deficient in cultural resources and often too poor to even attend demonstrations, and prone to surrogate representation by classes that that fattened on social exploitation. Most members of the working class are so ideologically conditioned they cannot any longer respond to a class declaration from the left. The Universal Class can resolve at this in ‘splendid unification’ as an new anonymous class of universal scope. We are out of time for a perfect solution and need to mimic the bourgeois revolution which has several stages that can be remorphed to a communist (or market communist) revolution:
1. after the American case: an anti-imperialist imperialist war turning into a political democratic revolution
2. a constitutional phase creating a republic/democracy

this can be remorphed into:
an anti-imperialist revolt (here against American/global capitalism) turning into a democratic (i.e. communist) revolution, i.e. a revolution for control
a constitutional constructivist phase defining the legal and economic boundaries of the new system, with the induction of a new form of democracy into the result which will not have the same set of economic freedoms as before.

The second stage was imperfectly realized in the Russian revolution which should therefore be sidelined (but studied) as a model. Phase two in a communist system, less so in a market socialist system, is obviously much more difficult to realize, so we should be clear at the beginning what are the types realizable, practical, versus ideal, and one consequence here is the consideration of market communism as a expropriation of the large-scale bourgeoisie, but without a full totalization of control over all segments of the ‘petty bourgeoisie’. A global system of pure communism, if the bolshevik is an example (and in many ways it was not), was too much too soon, and also tried to control irrelevant aspects best left alone. We could envision communism, pure or market, as the resolution of private property as the means of production at the up scale with possible cut off points on the lower scale, with agriculture, petty bourgeois commerce, etc, beyond a cutoff point. That could make the early stages of communist realization much simpler, and also seed the result with a renewed birth of democracy under communist frameworks. This system would also be on its way to internationalization, etc…

The debate over market socialism was mostly hot air. It is true that market socialism appeared to be dealing with the impossible, pace Mises, et al. But the reality is that capitalist economic theory is a fraudulent pseudo-science, and the capitalism we see now is a calamity worse even than Stalinist economy. At the least a minimal market communism can start the exploration to find a viable economy without capitalist domination: the issue of private property would be solved at the high end as the industrial capital of the bourgeoisie reverts to the commons with a cut off point to be mediated with legal bodies free from capital and also constitutionally independent of any communist ruling class. Instead of one party state of the communist elect, there could be a system of property-less guardians of the revolution, in several legal bodies in division of powers…etc…
We have had enough nonsense about the wonders of capitalism: a form of market communism leading to some final communism as a democratic endstate is turning into the only option…

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