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marx’s wrong analysis…/Karl Marx turns 200 | Overland literary journal

May 4th, 2018 · No Comments

Marx’s wrong analysis: now the failure of communism is taken as confirmation of his theories! The idea that capitalism prepares the ground for communism was wrong from the start, and now capitalism is so strong that it would seem impossible to replace. It is the fallacy of the stages of history, feudalism, capitalism, communism…that is a wrong analysis. Feudalism? no such epoch, what is meant is the feudal middle ages, in the occident…feudalism was really a stage of decline of classical antiquity…
The stage of capitalism is really instead a continuous development of the rise of civilization in a dialectic of state and extra-state economics, next to the development of technology. There is a well-known story of an insurance scam in ancient athens:insuring the trade in black sea grain imports tokens the existence of capitalist finance very early. Most of the financial instruments that we think of as modern were present in embryo in ancient times. The case of greece is known due to its invention of history, we are near the dawn of alphabets…Medieval feudalism arises centuries after these proto-capitalist (or else fully capitalist) phenomena. The emergence of capitalism is continuous in antiquity, but seems to be a new stage of history in modern times because of its intersection with the industrial revolution, with other factors, such as the abolitionist wave of the future…In a way it makes sense to point to this relative new beginning of capitalism. It often looks like a new stage of history, but to think so can inhibit the need for an immediate response to something that almost immediately metathesized into a social cancer. Instead of separate stages of history we might look instead at the onset of modern revolutionary democracy and the way the french revolutionaries soon discovered the intersection of capitalism and pseudo-democracy: the issue then was socialist democracy: possibly via the communist expropriation of capital. These ideas passed into the marx/engels saga very quickly but they were given a theoretical cast that may have falsified them. The point was to solve the riddle of adam smith and laissez-faire but in the context of state economics and communist axioms. Whatever they said marx/engels were pretty eager in practice to found communism in 1848, they didn’t quite believe their own theory: the whole history of capitalism could have been democratized/socialist from the start, if only the riddle of free market ideology can be solved with a system that unites all opposites. We have pulled a rabbit out of a hat: ‘democratic market neo-communism’: we have ‘laissez-faire’ absorbed into a communist hybrid with a reinvention of markets and planning in a duo in a democratic context (but also with a strong state/parliamentary system, plus ecological courts, etc…)
The point is that we must establish a communist framework from the start in the context of democratic revolution: the perception that capitalism had compromised democracy arose at the start, and can be seen already in the english civil war…

With Karl Marx’s 200th birthday tomorrow, 5 May, we are likely to be reminded once again that communism has failed. But really, this whole jolly business just confirms his theories. Marx believed that communism requires capitalism to first prepare the ground by creating a modern economy and society, and turning most people into wage and salary earners – that is, proletarians. There was certainly very little of that in Russia and China when they had their communist-led revolutions way back in the early twentieth century. Both countries started out with one foot still in fedualism. It was wall-to-wall peasants rather than proletarians. And like all traditional class societies, they had a culture of subordination that makes modern capitalism look egalitarian.

Source: Karl Marx turns 200 | Overland literary journal

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