Darwiniana

History, Evolution, and The Darwin Debate

Darwiniana header image 4

Entries Tagged as 'neuroscience'

Neuroimaging and dyslexia

December 22nd, 2010 · No Comments

Neuroimaging Helps to Predict Which Dyslexics Will Learn to ReadScienceDaily (Dec. 22, 2010) — Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have used sophisticated brain imaging to predict with 90 percent accuracy which teenagers with dyslexia would improve their reading skills over time.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

The learning brain

December 13th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain’s Inherent Ability to Focus Learning DiscoveredScienceDaily (Dec. 13, 2010) — Medical researchers have found a missing link that explains the interaction between brain state and the neural triggers responsible for learning, potentially opening up new ways of boosting cognitive function in the face of diseases such as Alzheimer’s as well as enhancing memory in […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain maps for reaching

December 5th, 2010 · No Comments

‘Brain Maps’ Created for How Humans ReachScienceDaily (Dec. 5, 2010) — A ballet dancer grasps her partner’s hand to connect for a pas de deux. Later that night, in the dark, she reaches for her calf to massage a sore spot. Her brain is using different “maps” to plan for each of these movements, according […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

‘Traffic Lights’ in the Brain

November 26th, 2010 · No Comments

Do ‘Traffic Lights’ in the Brain Direct Our Actions? Delayed Inhibition Between Neurons Identified as Possible Basis for Decision Making ScienceDaily (Nov. 26, 2010) — In every waking minute, we have to make decisions — sometimes within a split second. Neuroscientists at the Bernstein Center Freiburg have now discovered a possible explanation how the brain […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain Connections

November 18th, 2010 · No Comments

Stunning Details of Brain Connections Revealed ScienceDaily (Nov. 17, 2010) — Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine, applying a state-of-the-art imaging system to brain-tissue samples from mice, have been able to quickly and accurately locate and count the myriad connections between nerve cells in unprecedented detail, as well as to capture and catalog […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Damage to Prefrontal Cortex

November 5th, 2010 · No Comments

Damage to Prefrontal Cortex Compensated by Intact Areas; ‘Phantom’ Images Stored in Flexible Network Throughout Brain ScienceDaily (Nov. 3, 2010) — Brain research over the past 30 years has shown that if a part of the brain controlling movement or sensation or language is lost because of a stroke or injury, other parts of the […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Wired for Attention

November 3rd, 2010 · No Comments

How Brain Is Wired for Attention ScienceDaily (Nov. 2, 2010) — University of Utah (U of U) medical researchers have uncovered a wiring diagram that shows how the brain pays attention to visual, cognitive, sensory, and motor cues. The research provides a critical foundation for the study of abnormalities in attention that can be seen […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Frontal Lobe

November 2nd, 2010 · No Comments

Frontal Lobe of the Brain Is Key to Automatic Responses to Various Stimuli, Say Scientists ScienceDaily (Nov. 1, 2010) — Some people may excel at riding a bike, tying a tie, or playing the piano, but those same people may find it difficult to explain or teach those skills to someone else.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain’s Unconscious Activity

November 2nd, 2010 · No Comments

Study of Babies’ Brain Scans Sheds New Light on the Brain’s Unconscious Activity and How It Develops ScienceDaily (Nov. 1, 2010) — Full-term babies are born with a key collection of networks already formed in their brains, according to new research that challenges some previous theories about the brain’s activity and how the brain develops

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Maturing brain

October 29th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain’s Journey from Early Internet to Modern-Day Fiber Optics: Computer Program Shows How Brain’s Complex Fiber Tracks Mature ScienceDaily (Oct. 26, 2010) — The brain’s inner network becomes increasingly more efficient as humans mature.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Thought and nerve cells

October 28th, 2010 · No Comments

Controlling Individual Cortical Nerve Cells by Human Thought ScienceDaily (Oct. 27, 2010) — Five years ago, neuroscientist Christof Koch of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), neurosurgeon Itzhak Fried of UCLA, and their colleagues discovered that a single neuron in the human brain can function much like a sophisticated computer and recognize people, landmarks, and […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Falling in Love

October 25th, 2010 · No Comments

Falling in Love Only Takes About a Fifth of a Second, Research Reveals ScienceDaily (Oct. 25, 2010) — A new meta-analysis study conducted by Syracuse University Professor Stephanie Ortigue reveals falling in love can elicit not only the same euphoric feeling as using cocaine, but also affects intellectual areas of the brain. Researchers also found […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Song and the brain

October 25th, 2010 · No Comments

Chain Reactions Identified Within the Brain ScienceDaily (Oct. 25, 2010) — As anyone who as ever picked up a guitar or a tennis racket knows, precise timing is often an essential part of performing complex tasks. Now, by studying the brain circuits that control bird song, MIT researchers have identified a “chain reaction” of brain […]

[Read more →]

Tags: Evolution · neuroscience

Origin of Immune Cells in the Brain

October 23rd, 2010 · No Comments

Origin of Immune Cells in the Brain Discovered: Could Lead to New Treatments for Degenerative Brain Diseases, Autoimmune Disorders

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain Regions Can Switch Functions

October 22nd, 2010 · No Comments

Younger Brains Are Easier to Rewire — Brain Regions Can Switch Functions ScienceDaily (Oct. 22, 2010) — A new paper from MIT neuroscientists, in collaboration with Alvaro Pascual-Leone at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, offers evidence that it is easier to rewire the brain early in life. The researchers found that a small part of […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain responds more to friends

October 14th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain Responds More to Close Friends, Imaging Study Shows ScienceDaily (Oct. 12, 2010) — People’s brains are more responsive to friends than to strangers, even if the stranger has more in common, according to a study in the Oct. 13 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. Researchers examined a brain region known to be involved […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Blind use visual brain area

October 11th, 2010 · No Comments

People Blind from Birth Use Visual Brain Area to Improve Other Senses: Can Hear and Feel With Greater Acuity ScienceDaily (Oct. 10, 2010) — People who have been blind from birth make use of the visual parts of their brain to refine their sensation of sound and touch, according to an international team of researchers […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Mapping the Brain

October 6th, 2010 · No Comments

Mapping the Brain on a Massive Scale Scanning 1,200 brains could help researchers chart the organ’s fine structure and better understand neurological disorders.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Fast brains

October 6th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain Cell Communication: Why It’s So Fast ScienceDaily (Sep. 21, 2010) — Billions of brain cells are communicating at any given moment. Like an organic supercomputer they keep everything going, from breathing to solving riddles, and “programming errors” can lead to serious conditions such as schizophrenia, Parkinson’s Disease and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain/eye action

September 13th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain Uses Eyes to Pick Up Things: Unraveling the Calculations ScienceDaily (Sep. 13, 2010) — How does your brain know where your hand has to go to pick up a cup of coffee and successfully bring this to your mouth? By converting all of the information into coordinates of the eye discovered Dutch researcher Sabine […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

‘Mental Number Line’

September 13th, 2010 · No Comments

Child’s ‘Mental Number Line’ Affects Memory for Numbers ScienceDaily (Sep. 12, 2010) — As children in Western cultures grow, they learn to place numbers on a mental number line, with smaller numbers to the left and spaced further apart than the larger numbers on the right. Then the number line changes to become more linear, […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Tracking brain development

September 11th, 2010 · No Comments

Mental Maturity Scan Tracks Brain Development ScienceDaily (Sep. 9, 2010) — Five minutes in a scanner can reveal how far a child’s brain has come along the path from childhood to maturity and potentially shed light on a range of psychological and developmental disorders, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have […]

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain cells and obesity

September 9th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain Cells — Not Lack of Willpower — Determine Obesity, Study Finds ScienceDaily (Sep. 8, 2010) — An international study has discovered the reason why some people who eat a high-fat diet remain slim, yet others pile on the weight.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience

Brain connections and age

August 19th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain Connections Break Down as We Age, Study Suggests ScienceDaily (Aug. 19, 2010) — It’s unavoidable: breakdowns in brain connections slow down our physical response times as we age, a new study suggests.

[Read more →]

Tags: neuroscience