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Entries Tagged as 'neuroscience'

Neurons detecting sequences

August 13th, 2010 · No Comments

Single Neurons Can Detect Sequences ScienceDaily (Aug. 13, 2010) — Single neurons in the brain are surprisingly good at distinguishing different sequences of incoming information

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Tags: neuroscience

Brain’s Wiring

August 10th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain’s Wiring: More Like the Internet Than a Pyramid? ScienceDaily (Aug. 10, 2010) — The brain has been mapped to the smallest fold for at least a century, but still no one knows how all the parts talk to each other.

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Tags: neuroscience

Nerve connections regenerated

August 9th, 2010 · No Comments

In Breakthrough, Nerve Connections Are Regenerated After Spinal Cord Injury ScienceDaily (Aug. 9, 2010) — Researchers for the first time have induced robust regeneration of nerve connections that control voluntary movement after spinal cord injury, showing the potential for new therapeutic approaches to paralysis and other motor function impairments.

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Tags: neuroscience

Optimistic Versus Pessimistic Brains

August 9th, 2010 · No Comments

Gain and Loss in Optimistic Versus Pessimistic Brains ScienceDaily (Aug. 9, 2010) — Our belief as to whether we will likely succeed or fail at a given task — and the consequences of winning or losing — directly affects the levels of neural effort put forth in movement-planning circuits in the human cortex, according to […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Puberty switch

August 8th, 2010 · No Comments

Brain’s Puberty Switch Neuroendocrinologists Unlock Chemical Trigger to Puberty

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Tags: biology · neuroscience

Mind meld?

July 30th, 2010 · No Comments

‘Mind Meld’ Enables Good Conversation

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Tags: neuroscience

Aging and brain

July 29th, 2010 · No Comments

Aging and Longevity Tied to Specific Brain Region in Mice ScienceDaily (July 29, 2010) — Researchers watched two groups of mice, both nearing the end of a two-day fast. One group was quietly huddled together, but the other group was active and alert. The difference? The second set of mice had been engineered so their […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Prions

July 27th, 2010 · No Comments

Infectious Prions Can Arise Spontaneously in Normal Brain Tissue, Study Shows ScienceDaily (July 26, 2010) — In a startling new study that involved research on both sides of the Atlantic, scientists from The Scripps Research Institute in Florida and the University College London (UCL) Institute of Neurology in England have shown for the first time […]

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Tags: biology · neuroscience

Brain cells: keeping time

July 20th, 2010 · No Comments

Cultured Brain Cells Taught to Keep Time ScienceDaily (July 19, 2010) — The ability to tell time is fundamental to how humans interact with each other and the world. Timing plays an important role, for example, in our ability to recognize speech patterns and to create music.

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Tags: neuroscience

Tracking limbs

July 19th, 2010 · No Comments

Part of the Brain That Tracks Limbs in Space Discovered ScienceDaily (July 15, 2010) — Scientists have discovered the part of the brain that tracks the position of our limbs as we move through space.

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Tags: neuroscience

Astrocytes

July 19th, 2010 · No Comments

Bright Stars of the Brain Regulate Breathing ScienceDaily (July 15, 2010) — Astrocytes — brain cells named after their characteristic star-shape and previously thought to act only as the ‘glue’ between neurons, have a central role in the regulation of breathing, according to scientists.

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Tags: neuroscience

Neuroscience for the unwise

July 12th, 2010 · No Comments

Wisdom: From Philosophy to Neuroscience By STEPHEN S. HALL Essay by A.C. Grayling Students of neuroscience have missed the Kantian dimension, and may even have missed the main event: a human soul, or in Kantian terms, a psychology that transcends the space-time categories. Most unwise.

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Tags: neuroscience

Growing brain cells

July 8th, 2010 · No Comments

Chemical Makes Brain Cells Grow, Thwarts Mental Decline in Aging Rats ScienceDaily (July 8, 2010) — Scientists have discovered a compound that restores the capacity to form new memories in aging rats, likely by improving the survival of newborn neurons in the brain’s memory hub. The research has turned up clues to a neuroprotective mechanism […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Butterfly effect and brain

July 1st, 2010 · No Comments

‘Butterfly Effect’ in the Brain Makes the Brain Intrinsically Unreliable ScienceDaily (July 1, 2010) — Next time your brain plays tricks on you, you have an excuse: according to new research by UCL scientists published June 30 in the journal Nature, the brain is intrinsically unreliable.

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Tags: neuroscience

Brave brains

June 24th, 2010 · No Comments

Brave Brains: Neural Mechanisms of Courage Uncovered in Study of Fear of SnakesScienceDaily (June 23, 2010) — A fascinating new study combines snakes with brain imaging in order to uncover neural mechanisms associated with “courage.” The research, published by Cell Press in the June 24 issue of the journal Neuron, provides new insight into what […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Experience and the brain

June 16th, 2010 · No Comments

Experience Shapes the Brain’s Circuitry Throughout Adulthood ScienceDaily (June 15, 2010) — The adult brain, long considered to be fixed in its wiring, is in fact remarkably dynamic. Neuroscientists once thought that the brain’s wiring was fixed early in life, during a critical period beyond which changes were impossible. Recent discoveries have challenged that view, […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Baby math

June 16th, 2010 · No Comments

Babies Grasp Number, Space and Time Concepts ScienceDaily (June 15, 2010) — Even before they learn to speak, babies are organizing information about numbers, space and time in more complex ways than previously realized

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Tags: neuroscience

Brain cells ID-ing objects

June 10th, 2010 · No Comments

Individual Brain Cells Can ID Objects as Dissimilar as Cars and Dogs ScienceDaily (June 9, 2010) — Researchers at MIT’s Picower Institute for Learning and Memory found that single brain cells, if confronted with a difficult task, can identify objects as dissimilar as sports cars and dogs.

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Tags: neuroscience

How brain recognizes objects

June 9th, 2010 · No Comments

Computational Model Sheds Light on How the Brain Recognizes Objects ScienceDaily (June 9, 2010) — Researchers at MIT’s McGovern Institute for Brain Research have developed a new mathematical model to describe how the human brain visually identifies objects. The model accurately predicts human performance on certain visual-perception tasks, which suggests that it’s a good indication […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Wired for risk

June 7th, 2010 · No Comments

Adolescent Brains Biologically Wired to Engage in Risky Behavior, Study Finds ScienceDaily (June 6, 2010) — There are biological motivations behind the stereotypically poor decisions and risky behavior associated with adolescence, new research from a University of Texas at Austin psychologist reveals.

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Tags: neuroscience

Brain’s language areas

May 23rd, 2010 · No Comments

New Analysis Reveals Clearer Picture of Brain’s Language Areas ScienceDaily (May 18, 2010) — Language is a defining aspect of what makes us human. Although some brain regions are known to be associated with language, neuroscientists have had a surprisingly difficult time using brain imaging technology to understand exactly what these ‘language areas’ are doing. […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Regulating nerve cells

May 23rd, 2010 · No Comments

Invention Regulates Nerve Cells Electronically ScienceDaily (May 22, 2010) — A major step toward being able to regulate nerve cells externally with the help of electronics has been taken by researchers at Linköping University and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden. The breakthrough is based on an ion transistor of plastic that can transport ions and […]

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Tags: neuroscience · technology

Insight and the brain

May 15th, 2010 · No Comments

Eureka! Neural Evidence for Sudden Insight ScienceDaily (May 12, 2010) — A recent study provides intriguing information about the neural dynamics underlying behavioral changes associated with the development of new problem solving strategies. The research, published by the Cell Press in the May 13 issue of the journal Neuron, supports the idea of “a-ha” moments […]

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Tags: neuroscience

Blinking neurons

May 11th, 2010 · No Comments

Blinking Neurons Give Thoughts Away ScienceDaily (May 10, 2010) — Electrical currents are invisible to the naked eye — at least they are when they flow through metal cables. In nerve cells, however, scientists are able to make electrical signals visible. Working with fellow experts from Switzerland and Japan, scientists from the Max Planck Institute […]

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Tags: neuroscience