Social Darwinism in American Thought portrays the overall influence of Darwin on American social theory and the notable battle waged among thinkers over the implications of evolutionary theory for social thought and political action. Theorists such as Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner adopted the idea of the struggle for existence as justification for the evils as well as the benefits of laissez-faire modern industrial society. Others such as William James and John Dewey argued that human planning was needed to direct social development and improve upon the natural order. Hofstadter’s classic study of the ramifications of Darwinism is a major analysis of the social philosophies that animated intellectual movements of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era.
We have been critical of darwinism, but also of ‘design’ arguments. The attempt here to draft ID into american historical propaganda evidently from the right is an instant failure. Continue reading Stephen Meyer Interviews Michael Medved About Intelligent Design of U.S. History | Evolution News
Source: 4 part expose on The Lobby
From Mind Matters:Much popular literature leaves the impression that living organisms are machines or even billions of them linked together. For example, at Medium, we learn,Brains receive input from the outside world, their neurons do something to that input, and create an output. That output
A warming climate is pushing organisms towards the circumpolar areas and mountain peaks. A recently conducted study on changes in bird populations reveals that protected areas slow down the north-bound retreat of species.