Social Darwinism in American Thought – Google Books

Social Darwinism in American Thought portrays the overall influence of Darwin on American social theory and the notable battle waged among thinkers over the implications of evolutionary theory for social thought and political action. Theorists such as Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner adopted the idea of the struggle for existence as justification for the evils as well as the benefits of laissez-faire modern industrial society. Others such as William James and John Dewey argued that human planning was needed to direct social development and improve upon the natural order. Hofstadter’s classic study of the ramifications of Darwinism is a major analysis of the social philosophies that animated intellectual movements of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era.

Source: Social Darwinism in American Thought – Richard Hofstadter – Google Books

  Stephen Meyer Interviews Michael Medved About Intelligent Design of U.S. History | Evolution News

We have been critical of darwinism, but also of ‘design’ arguments. The attempt here to draft ID into american historical propaganda evidently from the right is an instant failure. Continue reading   Stephen Meyer Interviews Michael Medved About Intelligent Design of U.S. History | Evolution News

Life forms are not machines and neurons are not neural networks | Uncommon Descent

From Mind Matters:Much popular literature leaves the impression that living organisms are machines or even billions of them linked together. For example, at Medium, we learn,Brains receive input from the outside world, their neurons do something to that input, and create an output. That output

Source: Life forms are not machines and neurons are not neural networks | Uncommon Descent

Con­ser­va­tion areas help bird­life ad­apt to cli­mate change — ScienceDaily

A warming climate is pushing organisms towards the circumpolar areas and mountain peaks. A recently conducted study on changes in bird populations reveals that protected areas slow down the north-bound retreat of species.

Source: Con­ser­va­tion areas help bird­life ad­apt to cli­mate change — ScienceDaily