Extinct giant ape directly linked to the living orangutan 

Researchers have succeeded in reconstructing the evolutionary relationship between a two million year old giant primate and the living orangutan. It is the first time genetic material this old has been retrieved from a fossil in a subtropical area. This allows the researchers to accurately reconstruct animal, including human, evolutionary processes way beyond the limits known today.

Source: Extinct giant ape directly linked to the living orangutan — ScienceDaily

Researchers: Evolution is not “survival of the fittest” 

“However, less-fit lineages also routinely leapfrog over strains of higher fitness. Our results demonstrate that this combination of factors, which is not accounted for in existing models of evolutionary dynamics, is critical in determining the rate, predictability and molecular basis of adaptation.

Source: Researchers: Evolution is not “survival of the fittest” | Uncommon Descent

Lichens Are Way Younger Than Scientists Thought – Likely Evolved Millions of Years After Plants

You’ve probably seen a lichen, even if you didn’t realize it. If you’ve ever meandered through the forest and wondered what the crusty stuff on trees or rocks was, they’re lichens, a combination of algae and fungi living together almost as if they were one organism. And since they can grow on bare r

Source: Lichens Are Way Younger Than Scientists Thought – Likely Evolved Millions of Years After Plants

Evolution Keeps Repeating Itself. Scientists Are Starting to Understand Why – 

Species that aren’t closely related can look identical thanks to a bizarre trick of evolution. A new study reveals part of the mechanism for creating nature’s unrelated twins.

Source: Evolution Keeps Repeating Itself. Scientists Are Starting to Understand Why – VICE

Experts unlock key to photosynthesis, a find that could help us meet food security demands 

Scientists have solved the structure of one of the key components of photosynthesis, a discovery that could lead to photosynthesis being ‘redesigned’ to achieve higher yields and meet urgent food security needs.

Source: Experts unlock key to photosynthesis, a find that could help us meet food security demands — ScienceDaily