Undercover evolution: Our individuality is encrypted in our DNA, but it is deeper than expected

Providing a glimpse the hidden workings of evolution, a group of researchers at UC Santa Barbara have discovered that embryos that appear the same can start out with surprisingly different instructions.

Source: Undercover evolution: Our individuality is encrypted in our DNA, but it is deeper than expected

What made humans ‘the fat primate’? Changes in DNA packaging curbed our body’s ability to turn ‘bad’ fat into ‘good’ fat 

How did humans get to be so much fatter than our closest primate relatives, despite sharing 99% of the same DNA? A new study suggests that part of the answer may have to do with an ancient molecular shift in how DNA is packaged inside fat cells, which curbed our body’s ability to turn ‘bad’ white fat into ‘good’ brown fat.

Source: What made humans ‘the fat primate’? Changes in DNA packaging curbed our body’s ability to turn ‘bad’ fat into ‘good’ fat — ScienceDaily

Move over, DNA: ancient proteins are starting to reveal humanity’s history

Proteins dating back more than one million years have been extracted from some fossils, and could help to answer some difficult questions about archaic humans.

Source: Move over, DNA: ancient proteins are starting to reveal humanity’s history

Dark centers of chromosomes reveal ancient DNA — ScienceDaily

Geneticists exploring the dark heart of the human genome have discovered big chunks of Neanderthal and other ancient DNA. The results open new ways to study both how chromosomes behave during cell division and how they have changed during human evolution.

Source: Dark centers of chromosomes reveal ancient DNA — ScienceDaily